Cultivated diamonds are grown in highly controlled laboratory greenhouses using advanced technological processes that duplicate the conditions under which diamonds naturally develop beneath the earth’s crust. As ruled by the FTC, lab-created diamonds are chemically, physically and optically identical to mined diamonds. The diamonds are graded and certified by GIA and IGI (among others) by the industry standard 4Cs - cut, color, clarity, and carat. The only difference between lab grown and mined diamonds is simply the point of origin.
All KBH Jewels’ diamonds are colorless - DEF, and VS in clarity.
|Good Very Good Ideal|
|Color||J I H F E D|
|Clarity||SI2 SI1 VS2 VS1 VVS2 VVS1|
|Chemical Composition||Refractive Index||Dispersion||Hardness||Density||Crystalline Structure|
MINING IN THE OPEN PIT
The majority of the diamonds available in the jewelry industry are obtained through open pit mining. Mining companies dig an open pit into the earth and remove and displace an enormous amount of soil, regardless of surrounding communities or ecosystems. It requires upwards of 2,000 tons to receive a 1 ct rough diamond. The damage that is done to the environment in this process is irreparable.
Marine mining is used to locate diamonds in the seabed due to natural erosion. Mining ships will vacuum the seabed to find these diamond deposits, but the result of this is damaged and displaced soil and sea life up to 50 meters / 165 feet deep.
The Kimberley Process
In the year 2000, the United Nations General Assembly established the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), to prevent “conflict diamonds” from entering the rough diamond market. According to the KPCS, a conflict diamond is defined as a, “rough diamond mined in an area controlled by insurgent forces whose sale is used to finance anti-government military action.”
However, this definition fails to acknowledge the grave environmental and human damage that is created through the diamond mining industry. The label is a misnomer for those who think they are buying a “conflict free” diamond.